Who are Gypsies, Roma and Travellers?
Gypsies, Roma and Travellers are often referred to as "Roma" in Europe and in Britain this is shortened to "GRT".
Gypsies and Travellers are people who follow the ‘nomadic’ lifestyle, which involves regularly travelling to different places and not staying or living at a permanent location (which is likely to be the oldest form of human society).
We think of Roma as those who have migrated to the UK from Eastern and Central European countries from 1990 onwards.
The Office for National Statistics added an option to select Gypsy and Travellers as an ethnic group in the 2011 Census, and added Roma as an option to the 2021 census. Of those who completed the 2011 Census, over 58,000 (0.1% of the usual resident population of England and Wales) identified as Gypsy and Travellers. The 2021 census results are yet to be published.
Gypsies, Roma and (some) Travellers belong to a minority ethnic group, and are protected against discrimination under the Equality Act 2010 in England, Wales and Scotland, and under the Race Relations (NI) Order 1997 in Northern Ireland.